Many people have questions and concerns regarding the COVID-19 Vaccine.
Please review below to read through some commonly asked questions and answers about the vaccine.
1. How does the COVID-19 vaccine work?
2. How many shots do I need to get for it to work?
3. Is the vaccine safe to take?
4. What are common side effects?
5. Were people of color included in the vaccine trial?
6. Can I catch COVID-19 from taking the vaccine?
7. How long does it take for the COVID-19 vaccine to work?
8. Is there a group of people that shouldn’t take the vaccine?
9. Do I have to pay for the vaccine?
10. Should I take the vaccine if I already had COVID-19?
11. How long do I have to wait to get the vaccine after testing positive for COVID-19?
12. What if I had a really bad reaction to a flu vaccine in the past? Should I still get the COVID-19 vaccine?
13. What about long-term effects?
Both Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are made from messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) which helps the body make antibodies to fight the virus. There is no active virus in the vaccine, so you can’t get COVID from getting a shot. Even though it uses mRNA to help your body recognize and fight COVID, it does not make any changes to any of your genes.
Both Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are taken as 2 shots into the muscle of the arm, given 3-4 weeks apart. Both shots must be taken to be fully vaccinated against the virus that causes COVID-19. COH will provide both shots for you.
Side effects are minor and short term, especially compared to actually getting COVID. The vaccine was approved by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) under emergency authorization use, but it also went through extensive testing with people of all ages and backgrounds before being approved. Since approval, millions of people have gotten the vaccines with very few problems.
4. What are common side effects?
• Body aches
• Pain and swelling at the injection site
More than 30,000 people at 100 clinical research sites in the United States are participating in the study. 37% of trial volunteers are ethnic minorities.
No, but you may experience some flu-like symptoms for 1-3 days which are a sign that your body is building immunity to COVID. The vaccine will not make you test positive for COVID-19.
Your body will reach its fullest protection about 2 weeks after you receive the second shot (Pfizer or Moderna. It is encouraged that until, and even after this time you continue to practice social distancing and to wear a mask to protect yourself and others. However, CDC guidance is changing all the time about what you can do after being fully vaccinated. More information about these recommendations are here.
Individuals with a known history of a severe allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) should ask their provider before getting the shot. However, COH staff will review your medical history with you before you receive the vaccine. The vaccine does not contain any shellfish, eggs, latex, preservatives, antibiotics, or products of human or animal origin.
The vaccine is offered for free. The cost of giving you the shot will be billed to your insurance if you have it. Most insurance companies, including Medicaid and Medicare, will cover this cost so there is no out-of-pocket cost for patients. COH will cover these costs for anyone who does not have insurance coverage for free.
Yes. The CDC still recommends that you get a vaccine to boost your immunity so you don’t get COVID again.
If you have COVID-19 you should wait to get vaccinated until after you feel better and are finished with your quarantine.
If you’ve had a severe reaction to any vaccine in the past, it’s best that you review your history with your doctor prior to getting the COVID-19 vaccine. Your provider may recommend that you can still get the vaccine but should stay at the doctor’s office for 30 minutes after getting the shot so we can make sure you are okay.
There is not much data regarding long term side effects, but , the mRNA technology used in the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines has been studied in other vaccines and other medical therapies for many years with no long-term effects.